Forms are a set of pre-arranged techniques designed to practice attacking and defending in multiple directions. When done well, they are very graceful to look at, reminding one of dance.
Forms have several purposes.

First, they teach power, balance, and coordination. Second, they help students get acquainted with the techniques they are expected know at each belt level. Third, they help students stay in touch with the philosophical and historical background of Taekwondo. Each form has a history behind it, and black belt forms especially try to convey a deeper meaning or idea.

For example, Keumgang form, the second black belt form, means “Mountain”. A demonstration of this form should convey the power and stability of mountains, expressed through wide stances and powerful blocks.

Lastly, forms provide students a way to practice Taekwondo without a partner.
The World Taekwondo Federation recognizes two systems of forms for color belts: The Palgue and Taegeuk forms.

The WTF utilizes 9 gup forms in both the Palgue and Taegeuk systems-one white belt and eight color belt forms.

Additionally, there are 9 black belt forms recognized by the WTF corresponding to 1st-9th Dan ranks: Koryo, Kumgang, Taebaek, Pyongwon, Sipjin, Jitae, Cheongkwon, Hansoo, and Ilyo.


1. Palgue Yook-Chang-------------------------->    

2. Kumgang--------------------------->      

3. Sipjin-------------------------------------------->